Practicing medicine in northern New Jersey, Dr. Alexander Salerno provides community care to residents of urban neighborhoods. Dr. Alexander Salerno founded the Urban Healthcare Initiative Program, which offers vulnerable members of the community with health care information. He particularly advocates the administration of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to both teenage girls and boys to avoid sexually transmitted diseases and cervical and other cancers.
HPV causes sexually transmitted disease, such as genital warts, as well as vaginal cancer, anal cancer, cervical cancer, and certain forms of oral cancer. The majority of adults contract HPV at some point in their lives, and many times it goes away on its own without symptoms. However, the danger of HPV leading to cancer makes regular pap smear tests and vaccinations advisable.
With many HPV strains in existence, the HPV vaccine is effective against the four main HPV types, which together account for some 70 percent of cervical cancers. The vaccine is effective and safe; the only downside is that it does not help those who already have the infection.
Dr. Alexander Salerno leads a health-care practice in East Orange, New Jersey. There, Dr. Alexander Salerno sees patients with a variety of conditions, including mood disorders, such as seasonal affective disorder.
Seasonal affective disorder, also referred to as seasonal depression, occurs when a person experiences negative changes in mood at a certain period of the year, most commonly in the fall and winter months. While the exact cause of seasonal affective disorder is not known, many scientists believe it may be associated with the lower levels of sunlight a person typically is exposed to during the darker months of the year. This may have an effect on serotonin levels, and therefore a person’s overall mood. A person’s hormones also may play a role.
Symptoms of seasonal affective disorder often gradually increase in their severity before they begin to improve, typically in the spring. These symptoms include feeling lethargic, having trouble focusing, and wanting to withdraw from others. The person might experience weight changes and have sleeping difficulties as well. If you feel depressed or have a low mood at certain times of the year, talk to your doctor about seasonal depression. Your doctor may recommend treatment, which might include sunlight exposure, medication, or counseling.
Dr. Alexander Salerno, who practices in New Jersey, has received recognition for excellence in patient care. Over the years, Dr. Alexander Salerno has worked with patients of a wide range of ages, including elderly individuals who are experiencing problems with their balance.
Many people experience dizziness and balancing issues as they age. This can pose a serious problem by making it more difficult for a person to live alone or navigate his or her living space safely. Inner ear problems, such as an infection, can cause a person to experience dizziness, or vertigo. However, in many cases, the cause of the dizziness is a general decrease in the body’s functioning that occurs with age. For instance, the number of nerve endings within the ear declines, and blood flow to the area tends to decrease. As result, a person might experience more difficulty staying upright and balancing, particularly while walking on ground that is uneven or in areas that are not lit well.
To prevent a potentially serious accident from occurring, older individuals and their family members should take steps to safeguard the home. These steps may include installing sturdy railings along hallways or handholds in the bathroom. Upgrading the lighting to ensure that the person can see well and removing walking obstacles are other good ideas that can help prevent an accident and provide improved peace of mind.
New Jersey Internal Medicine Physician Dr. Alexander Salerno